Friday, June 20, 2014

Never buy an Apple Router!

It is bad enough that Apple feels the need to lock down their phones and operating system, but they felt the need to reinvent how you interface with the management of a router as well.

You can not log into an Apple branded router like EVERY other router in existence. There is NO HTTP GUI, there is NO HTTPS GUI. You MUST install software to configure their routers.

Since there is no HTTP or HTTPS access into the router guess what? No remote administration!

No ALG settings, so using an Apple Airport (Extreme), so that means no SIP ALG settings - therefore making them not very VoIP friendly.

If your into iPhones, fine buy an iPhone, many companies provide functionality and compatibility with their phones and tablets. If your into Macs, which I don't know why you would be, I guess it would be OK to buy a Mac laptop or desktop. But please for the health of your network, only trust a company who builds network equipment for your router purchase.

Do yourself a favor and stick with Linksys / Cisco routers. They only build network equipment, thus have the most experience in building products that will provide the functionality and flexibility for your networking needs.

Tuesday, June 17, 2014

How to factory reset a Cisco 7960

It is rather simple to factory reset a Cisco 7960 IP phone, actually this method should work for most Cisco IP phones! Password not required!

  1. Power cycle the phone
  2. Hold down the # key when you reconnect the power
  3. Once the phone is restarted "Reset key sequence detected" will appear on screen
  4. Release the # key and enter in 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 * 0 #
  5. Choose 1 to save network config or 2 to delete network config 
  6. Phone will revert to factory settings regardless if you choose to keep the network config or not.

Thursday, June 12, 2014

What to know about upgrading your business to VoIP

Before getting rid of your legacy PBX, or choosing a VoIP provider or solution for your new office there are considerations that you will need to address. Most of the time your first point of contact with your potential service providers will be with a salesman. Understand that most salesmen are not technicians, and many technicians are not salesmen (although there are a few techs that also work off of commission, or assist in the sales process).

Your salesman may not address issues that are not brought up to you, therefore it is YOUR responsibility to do as much research as possible before you sit down for a conversation with a salesman. On the other hand, without doing your own research you may feel that the salesman may be trying to upsell you if he brings up something that you did not address to him.

If you already have a legacy PBX you may consider getting an analog adapter to provide VoIP lines to your existing PBX system. This should provide you the fastest way to move over to a VoIP provider, however you will be using your existing phone system to handle call routing, and like traditional POTS phone service you will be limited with the amount of calls based on the amount of lines you order from your provider. This is the cheapest method to get VoIP to your business, and it also will allow you to maintain your existing auxiliary systems connected to your phone system, such as your existing door phones, overhead paging system, music on hold, etc. In the event of an outage your provider may be able to automatically have your lines forwarded.

Another option you may consider is having a VoIP server installed in your office in your network room, and have your VoIP phones connect thru this system. With this method you would pay your provider for however many channels that you expect to use. Depending on how your PBX is configured you may be able to connect IP phones off site, but all management would be accomplished from the server located on your premises. While this may save you some money over a hosted solution for your recurring charges, the upfront costs of the additional hardware required (the server) and the configuration would increase your initial costs. This method would really only be recommended for companies that have an IT department that can manage and maintain the VoIP server. In the event of an outage your provider might be able to have your lines forwarded, however since your server is located on site callers would not hear your IVR menus.

The most common, and in my opinion the best choice when moving to a VoIP platform would be to go with a hosted PBX provider. The only thing located on your site would be the phones which would communicate over the network to the providers servers directly. This allows phones to be located anywhere on the internet without and additional configuration (normally). The provider is responsible for maintaining the VoIP server, as it is located in their datacenter. In the event of an outage your provider will be able to forward your lines, your callers will still hear your IVR menu just as if your system never went down, and calls can actually be forwarded to different numbers based on the extensions that were dialed.

Now that you have a better understanding of the different VoIP choices that you have, now you should consider what other systems work with your phone system. If you have or need a door phone, overhead paging, or even some custom hardware or software that needs to be integrated into your phone system - you should really consider a provider that has a physical presence with technicians local to where you intend to operate. Many of the cloud only phone providers will only be able to provide you with your telephone service needs, and not have any ability to provide more complex configurations or system integrations.

An example of a custom integration would be one of our customers has a system where their customers take a number and they wanted that integrated into their phone system so that people could call in to see what number they were up to. This is not a feature that we had ever provided to any other customer before, but with collaboration with our in house programmers, and on-site technicians within a week we had a solution for that customer and was able to implement it to the customers satisfaction. Had that customer chosen a provider that did not have a local physical presence with field techs this feature would have never been possible for this customer.

Moving onto wiring requirements. It is recommended that there is a separate CAT5 (minimum) wire for each computer, printer, and VoIP phone. Yes VoIP phones do have a pass-thru so that you can share a single network cable for one phone and one PC, and if that is all that your location is wired for you should normally be ok, but for optimal results and future-proofing you should have separate network wiring done for voice and data.

If you have separate wiring you do not need to have them connected to different internet connections, however it would be recommended that your phones and computers use different internet connections.

If you only have one wire connected to both your phone and your PC you can still use different internet connections for each device, You would connect the second router to your network, turning off DHCP on one of the routers, and changing the subnet that the router is on. Then you would set either all of the phones, or all of the computers to the router that you set DHCP off.

Another internet option would be to connect your network to a multi-WAN router. This provides multiple internet connections to a single network, this provides redundancy in the event of a failure of one of the internet connections. You can also set up a multi-WAN router to send all of your VoIP traffic on one internet connection while sending your data traffic over the other internet connection.

IP phones require power. This is a fact that many people overlook. Legacy PBX phones got their power from the phone system in the closet. IP phones can get their power from a PoE switch installed in the network closet, but this will increase the initial costs of the installation and is not a requirement.

My recommendations would be:

  • A local VoIP hosted PBX provider with field techs
  • Separate network wiring for voice and data networks
  • A PoE switch for IP phones
  • A UPS back up power supply connecting all equiptment in your network closet
  • A dedicated Multi-WAN router for your VoIP service for fail-over protection 
Understand that most VoIP issues are not the result of the speed of your network, and increasing your internet speed rarely improves call quality. Local network configuration or congestion, as well as latency or quality issues with your ISP cause a majority of the quality issues experienced with VoIP calls. We have had customers with a specific ISP in a very localized area (within a 2 block radius) that have experienced issues even when all tests show that the connection is solid, when moving these customers over to a different ISP the issues resolved. A provider that does not have a local field tech presence would not be able to troubleshoot or resolve obscure issues such as these. 

Don't forget to inquire about:
  • Any issues provider has noticed with other customers on specific ISPs in your area
  • Recommended speeds needed for your specific needs (how many phones, PCs, CCTV?)
  • Support for auxiliary systems (door phones, intercoms, paging systems)
A final note - It is NOT recommended to have your VoIP lines behind a hardware firewall device like a sonicwall. You can maintain a firewall device for your data network but you should have a seperate router set up for your IP phones. 

Wednesday, June 4, 2014

$15 minimum wage is detrimental to the economy!

  • Increased labor costs for employers
  • Increased unemployment for unskilled workers
  • Unskilled workers replaced with skilled workers
  • Increased responsibility per employee
  • Increased cost for goods and services
  • Increased delays for services provided
  • Increased unfilled positions for entry and mid-level skilled jobs
  • Less money available to compensate higher skilled workers

  • I heard on the radio the other day that Washington state was going to raise the minimum wage to $15 per hour. This is TWICE the national minimum wage standard required by the federal government.

    While it may seem nice to provide all of those who rely on minimum wage jobs with better wages doubling the minimum wage is going to cause more harm than good.

    Some people will likely benefit from working low wage jobs if and when this takes effect, however for a majority of low wage earners they will undoubtedly find that they no longer will have a source of income as many small business owners will lay off many of their staff to mitigate the increased operating expenses these increases bring with them.

    This means less workers performing the same amount of tasks. Granted low paying jobs come with minimal responsibilities, so as pay increases the responsibilities of each employee will thus have to be increased, as well as the productivity levels that they will be expected to attain.

    Not only is this a direct threat to a majority of the people who hold these low wage jobs that have minimal responsibilities, but this is also going to effect workers with higher specialty skills that are currently making close to the $15 per hour wage that will become the new minimum wage. Why would any worker want to continue on in a position that has greater responsibility and skill level at the same rate that someone with little to no skill is making? If these workers who are currently making close to the new $15 per hour minimum wage do not themselves see a similar raise in their income, then I foresee that many of them will seek similarly paying jobs, that have historically been seen as low paying jobs such as within the fast food or janitorial industries.

    With higher skilled workers seeking to leave their employment for lesser skilled work they will then begin to replace the unskilled workers in the low wage positions. Why? Because as an employer wouldn't you rather higher someone with a higher skill set which usually would equate to a better work ethic, or would you rather hire the lowest common denominator?

    This will also lead to the increase of costs for goods and services, as well as an increased turn around time for goods and services as less workers would be performing the same tasks.

    None of this is good for the economy, the small businesses and employees affected by such a large increase.

    Minimum wage jobs are generally filled by unskilled workers, and have historically never been considered as careers or used to support a family. Many minimum wage jobs are redundant or unnecessary. Many small businesses hire minimum wage workers in attempts to give back to the communities that they do business in, and provide opportunities to those communities. Increasing the minimum wages so dramatically is going to cause many of these redundant or unnecessary jobs to be eliminated, or replaced with more skilled workers who are able to provide more productivity. 

    Higher paid or skilled workers will also suffer as raises and possibly pay reductions may ensue in order to maintain payroll, as a means to cover the added costs associated with providing all employees a minimum wage of $15 per hour.